Print out these study cards and take them with you. It's the perfect way to get that last minute cramming session in before your exam.Print
refers to the elemental quality of nature, and the relationships between natural objects.
is a wide-ranging movement that seeks to return to pre-Christian, polytheistic religious practices.
describes the overarching belief in developing one’s spiritual, physical, and psychological self outside traditional boundaries.
teaches that people can find enlightenment through hallucinogenic drugs. The movement borrows elements from East Asian religious philosophy, as well as Wicca and Judaism.
is composed of male and female members of the Unification Church united in sacred matrimony, free from original sin. These families produce True Sons and Daughters.
is a modern interpretation of Christianity and Confucianism that stresses marriage within the church as a way of rebuilding God’s kingdom on Earth.
are modern believers and practitioners of witchcraft.
What does it look like when 10,000 couples get married? Watch a video, with a rather tongue-in-cheek commentary, of a Unification Church marriage ceremony.
Do the Celts have a connection to Wicca? See Kardia’s blog on “Nature’s Ancient Wisdom” where she tackles the universal questions of religion and how they relate to Wicca and other ancient traditions.
Husband and wife begin by chastening each other three times, representing human error, but also the power of forgiveness. Next, the couple drinks holy wine, indicating the transition from false parenthood to True Parenthood. Couples are sprinkled with holy water and exchange rings. After the official wedding, couples are expected to follow a 40-day period of sexual abstinence, recalling Jesus’ 40 days of fasting in the desert. Finally, couples reenact a birthing ritual, marking their ultimate transition to True Wife and True Husband.
While some NRMs look to ancient traditions and others expand upon established religious ideas, UFOlogy focuses on the extraterrestrial. Popularized by Swiss author Erich von Däniken, UFOlogy teaches that celestial beings came to Earth long ago, bringing wisdom to humanity. In the centuries after their departure, humans slowly began to worship them as gods, and religion was founded.
Correspondence refers to the relationship between objects. Often, correspondence incorporates gods and goddesses from multiple religions, as well as objects in nature. Knowledge of the relationship between things can be used in mental and physical healing and harmonization with the universe.
1. What are some of the benefits and weaknesses of having a famous person publicly support a religious movement?
2. What are some of the reasons people turn to new religious movements?
3. How do new religious movements respond to contemporary problems and concerns?
4. How are new religious movements different from, and similar to, older religions?
5. Are there any common characteristics shared by all of the new religious movements discussed in the text? If so, what are those characteristics? If not, why not?