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the study of population size and composition.
a new sociological paradigm that evaluates how the environment influences society, and vice versa.
they can promote or discourage fertility, create fertility policies, and implement tax deductions.
is the study of population size and composition.
are variables such as population size, age, racial composition, birth rates, and death rates used to discuss populations.
is the number of births that occur in a population.
is the number of births for every 1,000 people each year.
is the number of births for every 1,000 women in a specific age group.
is the average number of births expected from any woman in a population to bear in her lifetime.
is a TFR of two, meaning that each woman has two children to replace the mother and the father.
is the number of deaths that occur in a population.
is the number of deaths for every 1,000 people each year.
is the number of deaths for every 1,000 persons of a given age group.
is the number of children for every 1,000 born alive who die before they reach the age of one year.
is the average number of years a person is expected to live.
is the maximum length of time a person can possibly live.
are tools that visually represent data related to the age and sex of a country’s population.
are children born after WWII through the early 1960s.
is a surge in growth due to a large number of people who are of birthing age.
is the movement of people from one area to another area.
is the movement of people into a nation-state.
is the movement of people out of a nation-state.
suggests that migration depends on the supply and demand for labor, both in the sending area and the receiving one.
determines population growth and/or decline by subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate and then dividing by 10.
is declining birth rates.
refers to the number of years it takes for a population to double.
is a population projection that suggests the population will exceed the available food supply because populations grow at geometric rates, while food supplies grow at arithmetic rates.
is a projection that suggests people control their own fertility as they move from agrarian to industrial societies.
is the study of how the environment influences society, and vice versa.
is the belief that considers humans as being different from other species on earth.
is the number of a specific species that can exist in a given environment.
occurs when a species’ population lives under the carrying capacity, resulting in abundant resources.
occurs when a species’ population lives beyond the carrying capacity, result- ing in too few resources.
is the impact of environmental factors on social classes.
means concerned with promoting population growth.
means concerned with limiting population growth.
1. Why doesn’t population growth generally affect the income and wealth of developed countries?
2. How do sociologists describe a population’s environmental footprint?
3. How can reducing one’s environmental footprint help reduce climate change and global warming?
4. Describe the arguments for and against anti-natalist policies such as China’s.
5. How do social factors affect birth rates?