Global Stratification ranks countries based on objective criteria like wealth and power.
What is Global Stratification?
the categorization of countries based on objective criteria, such as wealth, power, and prestige, which highlight social patterns and inequality throughout the world.
What Are the Theories Behind Global Stratification?
World Systems Theory:
the world is divided by its connection to economic power.
powerful nations use loans and economic power to maintain control over poor nations.
a complex process by which the world and its international economy are becoming more and more intertwined; some argue that an aspect of globalization is exploitation. Others suggest that it is the only hope for poor nations.
What is Being Done to Assist Underdeveloped Countries?
foreign aid, Peace Corps.
- global stratification is a result of geographic conditions
- Diamond: European countries thrived because they had natural resources that helped those societies function more efficientlylions will rule the day, but eventually foxes will take charge
- an imbalance of power between the elites and the poor in a country causes stratification
- Pareto: even among elites, power changes occur; in times of struggle, lions will rule the day, but eventually foxes will take charge
- Mosca: leaders will do what they can to remain in power because it’s in their best interests to do sote
- looks at how language and symbolic events influence society
- Reid: Europeans increasingly identify themselves as members of Europe, not the specific country in which they were born
is the categorization of countries based on objective criteria, such as wealth, power, and prestige, which highlight social patterns and inequality throughout the world.
Social Stratification Systems
are slavery, caste, and class systems.
is the total control over people who have no choice about their status.
is a form of slavery in which a slave is considered property.
is a form of slavery in which someone borrows money in order to repay a different debt, and works off the new debt.
is a form of slavery in which a person signs a work contract, receiving food and shelter from an employer, but is threatened when he or she tries to leave the contract.
are systems in which a person’s position may be a position of power and privilege or of disadvantage, but in either case his or her place is permanently fixed.
are the wealthy members of a society, as identified by Weber.
are the business class, as identified by Weber.
are small business owners in Weber’s class system.
are managers of business and government agencies.
are the skilled laborers such as plumbers or carpenters.
Semi-skilled Manual Workers
are the workers who have some training and may work in factories.
are the lowest class, consisting of people who frequently perform manual labor jobs that are often unpleasant and sometimes dangerous.
is a process in which powerful nations use loans and economic power to maintain control over poor nations.
is a complex process by which the world and its international economy are becoming more and more intertwined.
occurs when the best talent leaves poor countries and thereby provides an even greater advantage to wealthy countries.
1. What are the positive and negative effects that globalization can have on underdeveloped nations?
2. What are the differences between a caste system and a slave system?
3. According to Marx, how does the bourgeoisie successfully promote false consciousness?
4. What characteristics does Weber use to determine social class?
5. How could wealthy nations be using multinational corporations to control poorer nations?
Where to Start Your Research Paper
- To learn more about efforts to curb slavery throughout the world, go to http://www.antislavery.org/
- For more information on the Asian Development Bank, go to http://www.adb.org/
- For more information about how people are ending child prostitution, child pornography, and trafficking of children for sexual purposes, go to http://www.ecpat.net/El/index.asp
- To learn more about international anti-slavery movements, go to http://www.freetheslaves.net/NETCOMMUNITY/Page.aspx?pid=183&srcid=-2
- For interactive maps and data to visualize world issues, go to http://www.gapminder.org/
- For more information on Guns, Germs, and Steel and a view of the ideas contained there, go to http://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/
- To learn more about human trafficking, go to http://www.humantrafficking.org/
- To learn more about the International Monetary Fund, go to http://www.imf.org/
- For information regarding health, crime, and standards of living, go to http://www.nationmaster.com/
- To learn more about the OECD and read its reports on economic development throughout the world, go to http://www.oecd.org/
- For more information about the Peace Corps, go to http://www.peacecorps.gov/
- For information on population problems, refugees, and reports on world poverty, go to http://www.worldbank.com/
- For more information regarding the use of cheap and child labor in the garment industry, go to http://www.sweatshopwatch.org/
- To learn more about international aid funded by the U.S. government, go to http://www.usaid.gov/
- For U.S. statistics and reports, go to the U.S. Census Bureau Web site http://www.census.gov/
- For more information about the United Nations, go to http://www.un.org/english/
- For more information about the World Food program, go to http://www.wfp.org/
- For more information about World Health Organization and data, including issues of hunger, HIV, and other statistics from a variety of countriesthroughout the world, go to http://www.who.int/en/
- To research how the World Trade Organization handles trade disagreements between countries, go to http://www.wto.org/