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the ranking of people and the rewards they receive based on objective criteria, often including wealth, power, and/or prestige.
stratification is the result of some kind of functional balance, is inevitable, and aids in the smooth functioning of society.
social inequality is rooted in a system that is more likely to reward you based on where you start than based on your abilities.
a person’s particular social class affects how he or she discusses class in general.
U.S. welfare program; Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF); Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC); minimum wage.
is the ranking of people and the rewards they receive based on an objective criteria, often including wealth, power, and/or prestige.
is the money received forwork or through investments.
is all of your material possessions, including income.
is a temporary state of poverty that occurs when someone loses a job for a short time.
is a state of poverty that occurs when a person lacks stable employment.
is chronic and multigenerational poverty.
is poverty so severe that one lacks resources to survive.
is a state of poverty that occurs when we compare ourselves to those around us.
is the ability to carry out your will and impose it on others.
means given or assigned.
is a small group of people who hold immense power.
is the level of esteem associated with one’s status and social standing.
is a social class that is very small in number and holds significant wealth.
is a social class that consists of high-income members of society who are well educated but do not belong to the elite membership of the super wealthy.
is a social class that consists of those who have moderate incomes.
is a social class generally made up of people with high school diplomas and lower levels of education.
is a social class living in poverty.
is a social class living in disadvantaged neighborhoods that are characterized by four components: poverty, family disruption, male unemployment, and lack of individuals in high-status occupations.
is the ability to change social classes.
refers to moving within the same status category.
refers to moving from one social status to another.
occurs when an individual changes social standing, especially in the workforce.
refers to the change that family members make from one social class to the next through generations.
occurs when social changes affect large numbers of people.
is a concept suggesting that, within the United States, each social class contains a relatively fixed number of people.
states that those who get ahead do so based on their own merit.
is a program offering assistance to which a person is entitled, requiring no qualification.
1. How does prestige affect one’s social standing?
2. How is the mobility of the urban underclass restricted?
3. What is the relationship between social class and education?
4. In terms of marriage and family, how do the values of the low-income single mothers interviewed by Kathryn Edin and Maria Kefalas differ from the values held by most middle-class women? Why do you think this difference exists?
5. How does the concept of exchange mobility conflict with the beliefs of conflict theorists?