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two commonalities: the members of the group share something in common, and they identify each other as members of that group.
leaders are measured by their influence on others.
for Marx, bureaucracy was a way to exploit workers, so the bourgeoisie could gain wealth.
workers’ attitudes toward their jobs impact productivity and job satisfaction.
increases the likelihood of political involvement in adult life.
are groups that consist of two or more people who interact with one another and share a common identity.
are relationships that exist only under specific conditions.
is a group to which we feel an affinity or closeness.
is the feeling that a person’s in-group is superior to others.
is a group from which we are disconnected.
is the group you use to evaluate yourself.
a group consisting of two people.
is a group consisting of three people.
is a behavioral mode that leaders use to influence group members.
are leaders who determine the group policies and assign tasks.
are leaders who strive to set group policy by discussion and agreement.
are leaders who lead by absence and may not want to be leaders at all.
is the degree to which we will alter our behavior, attitudes, and points of view to fit into our perceived expectation of what is appropriate.
is the term for group decisions that are made without objective thought.
is a sociological concept that refers to the individual and collective resources available to a person.
is the web of ties you have with others.
are groups created for a certain purpose and built for maximum efficiency.
is the act of joining an organization that offers no pay and that expands social networks through interaction.
are formal groups that exist to achieve a desired goal.
is an organization in which people receive wages in exchange for work.
are organizations that exist to achieve a worthwhile goal.
are organizations that people are forced to join.
is the explicit rules, goals, and guidelines of the organization.
are friendships, allegiances, and loyalties among members of the organization.
are formal organizations that are organized into a hierarchy of smaller departments.
is the reasonable actions organizations and bureaucracies take to achieve goals in the most effective way.
is a concept introduced by Max Weber that refers to the way in which bureaucracies make workers feel trapped and turn them into little more than robots accomplishing tasks.
1. How and why are social networks of great use to immigrants?
2. Why is groupthink a potentially dangerous method of decision making?
3. What are the potential pitfalls of the three leadership styles discussed in this chapter?
4. Which leadership style did John Humphrey Noyes employ as leader of the Oneida group? Explain.
5. Why is a dyad considered the strongest form of a group?