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the process that teaches the norms, values, and other aspects of a culture to new group members.
institutions, like religion and education, are useful in socializing individuals.
societies use gender socialization to teach members how to express their femininity and masculinity.
total institutions are successful in resocializing people by altering their sense of self .
through social policies that are designed to give equal opportunities to both genders.
is the process that teaches the norms, values, and other aspects of a culture to new group members.
is socialization that occurs during childhood.
is the dynamic whereby socialization continues throughout our lives.
states that the genes we get from our parents at conception are the primary causes of human behaviors.
states that our environment influences the way we think, feel, and behave.
is the theory that the self develops through a process of reflection, like a mirror.
is the subjective part of the self.
is the objective part of the self.
is Mead’s first stage of development, which is the period from birth to about age 2, and is the stage at which children merely copy the behaviors of those around them.
is Mead’s second stage of development, which occurs aroundthe ages of 2–4 years, during which children play roles and begin to take on thecharacteristics of important people in theirworld.
is Mead’s third stage of development that never truly ends, and is the stage in which we begin to understand that others have expectations and demands placed upon them.
is our sense of others.
is a crisis occurring during each of Erikson’s stages that will be resolvedeither positively or negatively, and each outcome will have an effect on our ability to deal with the next one.
is a person’s ability to think and reason.
is the stage (birth to age 2 years) at which infants learn to experience and think about the world through their senses and motor skills.
is the stage (ages 2 through 7 years) at which the ability to speak grows rapidly.
is the stage (ages 7 through 12 years) at which children can think about objects in the world in more than one way and start to understand causal connections in their surroundings.
is the stage (ages12 years and above) at which people become able to comprehend abstract thought.
is seeking pleasure over pain.
is the second stage of moral development that arises before puberty and uses the lens of norms and rules to determine what is right and wrong.
is the third stage of moral development that refers to a morality based on abstract principles.
is morality based on the rule of law.
is morality decided by a standard of how best to help those who are in need.
is the first stage of moral development that lasts through elementary school years; at this level, children make their moral judgments within a framework of hedonistic principles.
are the people and groups who shape our self-concept, beliefs, and behavior.
is a parenting style in which parents listen to their children’s input while con- sistently enforcing the preset rules.
is a parenting style in which parents provide high levels of support but an inconsistent enforcement of rules.
is a parenting style with which children experience high levels of social control but low levels of emotional support.
is the process of learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors and abandoning old ones.
are places in which the most effective forms of resocialization can occur because they isolate people from outside influences so they can be reformed and controlled.
refers to the lessons taught in school that are unrelated to academic learning.
teaches members of society how to express their masculinity or femininity.
is the expectations of behavior and atti- tude that a society considers proper for males and females.
include any print or electronic resource that is used to communicate to a wide audience.
are deliberate strategies designed to correct recognized social problems.
is a 1972 educational amendment that prohibits the exclusion of any person from participation in an educational program on the basis of gender. standard of how best to help those who are in need.
1. How did Piaget describe the stage at which a child learns to speak?
2. What is the difference between authoritative style and authoritarian style parenting?
3. Why is resocialization important in total institutions?
4. Conflict theorists often argue that men use their power to dominate and limit women. Provide an example of gender bias in the media and explain how it supports this theory.
5. In the terms of Erikson’s theory, how was Genie’s development stunted?