Print out these study cards and take them with you. It's the perfect way to get that last minute cramming session in before your exam.Print
the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and material objects that are important enough to pass on to future generations of a society.
language, gestures, values, perception and categorization of experiences, actions, norms, interaction of social structures, and struggle for scarce resources.
culture: affects how we perceive things; guides our thoughts and actions; must be studied while keeping these differences in mind.
is the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and material objects that are passed on to future generations of society.
consists of items within a culture that you can taste, touch, and feel.
consists of the nonphysical products of society, including our symbols, values, rules, and sanctions.
represent, suggest, or stand for some- thing else.
is a system of speech and/or written symbols used to convey meaning and communicate.
is culture passing from one generation to the next through language.
is a hypothesis, first advanced by Edward Sapir in 1929 and subsequently developed by Benjamin Whorf, that the structure of a language determines a native speaker’s perception and categorization of experience.
are symbols we make using our bodies, such as facial expressions, hand movements, eye contact, and other types of body language.
are a part of a society’s nonmaterial culture that represent cultural standards by which we determine what is good, bad, right, or wrong.
help us define values, usually in terms of opposites.
are two or more values that support each other.
occurs when two or more values are at odds.
are rules developed for appropriate behavior based on specific values that are conditional.
is a prize or punishment you receive when you either abide by a norm or violate it.
are informal types of norms.
are norms that represent a community’s most important values.
is an act that is socially unacceptable.
occurs when a person uses his or her own culture to judge another culture.
refers to fear and hostility toward people who are from other countries or cultures.
is perceiving other groups or societies as superior to your own.
means making a deliberate effort to appreciate a group’s ways of life without prejudice.
is the evaluation of a society based on that society’s norms.
happens when social and cultural changes occur at a slower pace than technological changes.
occurs when a person encounters a foreign culture and has an emotional response to the differences between the cultures.
is a subset of the dominant culture that has distinct values, beliefs, and norms.
are groups with value systems that are in opposition to the dominant group’s values.
is a concept supporting the inherent value of different cultures within society.
is the process by which minority groups adopt the patterns of the dominant culture.
refers to the “shrinking” of the world through immediate electronic communications.
1. What aspects of Las Vegas culture may lead to the city’s culture death?
2. How does culture influence sociological theory and study?
3. How might individualism lead to conflict?
4. How can a business benefit from the McDonaldization process?
5. How did Wayne Baker determine whether a crisis of values really exists in the United States?