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reactions to events and new opportunities.
social movements challenge the equilibrium of society and give people a way to relieve their frustrations and emotions about a particular subject.
social inequality creates discontent among some, which can lead to social movements.
people protest in reaction to a need that is not being met.
social movements: provide an ever-changing sociological landscape; encourage the development of new theory and the application of existing theory.
is the way in which culture, interaction, and innovation change social institutions over time.
deals with the creation, use, and application of knowledge and its interrelation with life, society, and the environment.
is the creation of a new device or way of thinking.
is the spreading of something more widely.
is the claim that a reform cannot work because the social problem is unsolvable.
claims that any attempts to fix a problem would actually compound the issues the change was trying to address.
is the claim that attempting to solve a problem will only draw attention away from other, more important issues.
is any social interaction in which a group of people engages in behavior that is not in their normal routine.
are groups characterized by high levels of emotion that engage in some type of focused action that can be violent or disruptive.
is a heightened emotional state that can lead a group to violence.
are emotional and violent disturbances of the peace by a crowd that lacks a central focus.
is a temporary fashion, notion, or action the public embraces.
occurs when a fad leaves a lasting effect on society.
is an extreme fear based on something that might happen.
is a large group of influential people who gather for a temporary purpose.
are stories or statements that lack confirmation or certainty.
are rumors that are presented as true stories that act as cautionary tales.
are activities that support or protest social issues organized by non- governmental organizations.
are organized and ongoing effortsof claims making that target a specific authority in society.
are actions used to promote interest and involvement within the movement.
refers to the members of a movement who want to show the public the worthiness, unity, numbers, and commitments of their movement.
is the first stage of a movement when people become aware of a problem and begin to notice that others feel the same way.
is the second stage of a movement when groups reach out to other groups and individuals to gain membership.
is the third stage of a movement when it becomes a political force.
is the final stage of a movement when an organization completes its goal or is seen as irrelevant.
want to create a change in specific people’s thoughts, practices, and beliefs regarding a particular issue.
focus on specific individuals, but the amount of change sought is radical, rather than limited.
seek to change a society’s thoughts and actions, but only in a limited way.
means favoring or promoting change.
means seeking to stop change.
or sometimes called the transformative social movement, seeks to change the thoughts and actions of all society in radical fashion.
points to the gaps between what people have and what they expect.frame alignment processoccurs when social movement organizations link their goals to the goals of other organizations.
occurs when two or more groups that may be somewhat opposed to each other join forces.
occurs when ideas become elaborated and sometimes exaggerated.
refers to the way social movement organizations seek to align their interests with those of other groups that are related, some- times furthering ideas that were not originally in their frame.
changes the old meanings and understandings of the problem and creates new and innovative ones.
1. Discuss the four types of social movements and the features of each one.
2. How does new technology affect society?
3. What is relative deprivation?
4. How do sociologists from the three sociological paradigms view social movements?
5. How does the environmental movement Hawken discusses differ from other social movements?