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race is the division of people based on certain physical characteristics, but ethnicity is the classification of people who share a common cultural, linguistic, or ancestral heritage.
color-blind racism, racial stereotypes, belief that segregation is a personal choice, belief that racism is a thing of the past, which denies its impact on minorities; these lead to a feeling of double consciousness for minorities.
by allowing employers and educators to use minority status as a deciding factor if candidates are equal.
is the division of people based on certain physical characteristics.
is the classification of people who share a common cultural, linguistic, or ancestral heritage.
is the group that has the largest population in society and holds signifi- cant power and privilege.
is a group that has a smaller population and less power than the majority group.
is the group that has the greatest power, but not necessarily the greatest numbers.
is the imposition of control over a weak nation by a more powerful country.
is discrimination based on a person’s race.
is the attempt to destroy or exterminate a people based on their race and/or ethnicity.
are organizations that promote hostility or violence toward others based on race and other factors.
is the domination over a group of people by a superior force.
is the incorporation of one territory into another.
is the willing movement of people from one society to another.
is the forced movement of people from one society to another.
refers to persecution through imprisonment, expulsion, or murder of members of an ethnic minority by a majority to achieve ethnic homogeneity in majority- controlled territory.
is the conquest of a native population by a more powerful group.
is the subordination of an immigrant group to a dominant group.
are groups that enter into an area voluntarily, but seek to maintain their own culture while also integrating into the dominant group.
are groups that seek to shed their old ways and integrate themselves into mainstream society.
are groups that voluntarily separate themselves from the dominant group and view the dominant group with disdain, believing that it will corrupt the group’s belief system.
are groups that seek to overthrow the existing system because they see it as unjust.
are neighborhoods where people from similar cultures live together and assert cultural distinction from the dominant group.
refers to negative attitudes about an entire category of people.
are simplified perceptions people have of an entire group that are usually based on false assumptions.
is the unfair treatment of people based on a prejudice.
maintains the advantage for the dominant group, while providing the appearance of fairness to all.
means making an unfair accusation against a person or group as the cause of a problem.
is forced separation based on factors such as race, gender, or ethnicity.
is a generational barrier that prevents poor people from breaking into the middle and upper classes.
is the idea that racism still exists in society in more subtle ways.
is the sense that a person must keep a foot in two worlds, one in the majority group’s world and one in the minority group’s world.
1. What are Joseph Graves’ five pillars of racism?
2. Why does Wilson believe that class-based affirmative action should replace our current race-based system?
3. Why do some people have a sort of “double consciousness”?
4. What is the difference between prejudice and discrimination?
5. What are some ways that the United States is trying to break the cycle of poverty for minority groups?