Print out these study cards and take them with you. It's the perfect way to get that last minute cramming session in before your exam.Print
A science guided by the basic understanding that the social matters: our lives are affected not only by our individual characteristics, but by our place in the social world.
Defines society as a system of interrelated parts; primarily a macro orientation because it focuses on larger social structures rather than individuals.
views society as an unequal system that brings about conflict and change; focuses on macro issues and supports the idea that the struggle for scarce resources holds a society together; concerned with inequality as it relates to wealth and power.
focuses on how individual people interact with other people in their everyday lives; studies how the use of “symbols” influence how people communicate; follows a micro approach because it is concerned with the individual’s role in creating society.
Provides you with a fresh perspective and expands your understanding of sociology and your world
is a science guided by the basic understanding that “the social matters: our lives are affected, not only by our individual characteristics but by our place in the social world.
is the ability to look beyond the individual as the cause for success and failure and see how one's society influences the outcome.
refers to the level of connectedness a person feels to others in the environment.
refers to the social mechanisms that regulate a person's actions.
are suicides that result from a lack of solidarity, occurring among those who have few social connections, feel isolated and alone, and are more likely to fall into despair.
are suicides that occur when the level of solidarity is exceptionally high and when the individual views the group's interest as superior to all other interests.
are suicides that result from a lack of social control.
are suicides that occur as a result of social unrest.
refers to a theoretical framework through which scientists study the world.
is a theoretical framework that defines society as a system of interrelated parts.
is a theoretical framework that views society as an unequal system that brings about conflict and change.
is a theoretical framework that focuses on how people interact with others in their everyday lives.
are statements of fact that are unchanging under given conditions and can be used as ground rules for any kind of society.
are the existing structural elements of society.
are the change in existing structural elements of society.
is a notion that suggests strong societies survive and weak ones become extinct.
refers to the state of community bonding in traditional societies in which people share beliefs and values and perform common activities.
occurs when people live in a society with a diverse division of labor.
are social factors that affect people in a society.
are functions that lead to an expected consequence or outcome.
are functions that lead to unforeseen or unexpected consequences.
refers to members of the capitalist class.
refers to members of the poor working class.
is a person’s lack of understanding of his or her position in society.
is an understanding of one’s position in the class system.
refers to a person’s identity and what makes that person different from others.
is a rapid, irrational mode in which people do not think rationally or clearly.
is a theory of interaction in which all life is like acting.
occurs when individuals and groups work to identify and address issues of public concern.
1.The three sociological paradigms often overlap with one another. Choose a sociologist discussed in the chapter. Discuss how his or her ideas connect to all three sociological paradigms.
2. Why is it important for a sociologist to use a sociological imagination? What consequences might arise if he or she failed to use this way of thinking?
3. What sort of attitudes concerning homelessness might a symbolic interactionist discourage?
4. Why is suicide a compelling sociological issue?
5. Describe possible manifest and latent functions of a law that would legalize drugs.