• 01

    For a deviant act to be classified as a crime, what quality must pertain to it?

  • 02

    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic that sociologists use to define deviance?

  • 03

    According to your text, when most people refer to "crime," they are actually talking about ______, which refers to many different types of criminal acts such as burglary, rape, and assault.

  • 04

    NCVS data always account for more crime than UCR data.

  • 05

    What makes up the vast majority of crime in the U.S.?

  • 06

    The link between age and crime shows that the majority of arrests peak between the ages of ______.

  • 07

    Which of the following nations has the highest rate of incarceration?

  • 08

    The compromise model of law suggests that laws arise because people see a behavior they do not like, and they agree to make it illegal.

  • 09

    ______ refers to deliberate efforts to attach a negative meaning to a behavior.

  • 10

    When a person who has violated a law is punished, it is done in part to keep them from committing future offenses because of lessons learned in prison. This is known as _______.

  • 11

    The most likely outcome for inmates released from prison is to return to prison. This is called _______.

  • 12

    ______ is an effort to bring an offender back into the community after punishment.

  • 13

    While the exact figure is difficult to determine, it is estimated that it costs roughly ______ a year to incarcerate a single inmate.

  • 14

    Positivists ask what keeps people from committing crime and classicists ask why people commit crimes.

  • 15

    Which early criminologist believed that criminals could be distinguished by physical characteristics such as big ears, protruding jaws, and deep-set eyes?

  • 16

    According to Merton's theory of anomie, what causes deviance?

  • 17

    According to _______ theory, crime and deviant behavior must be learned.

  • 18

    Attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief are four _______ that if strong, indicate less likelihood toward criminality.

  • 19

    Functionalists argue that since crime always exists in society, it must serve some function.

  • 20

    Police, courts, and corrections make up the _______ in the United States.