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Crime and the Legal System: How Do Societies Respond to Crime and Deviance?
For a deviant act to be classified as a crime, what quality must pertain to it?
It must be a violation of norms written into law.
It must result in harm to another person.
There must be a victim.
The act must be revolting to ?normal? people.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic that sociologists use to define deviance?
Deviance is a social construct.
Deviance is linked to cultural values.
Deviance is linked to time.
Deviance has universal meanings across cultures.
According to your text, when most people refer to "crime," they are actually talking about ______, which refers to many different types of criminal acts such as burglary, rape, and assault.
NCVS data always account for more crime than UCR data.
What makes up the vast majority of crime in the U.S.?
The link between age and crime shows that the majority of arrests peak between the ages of ______.
15 and 25
26 and 35
46 and 55
Which of the following nations has the highest rate of incarceration?
the United States of America
The compromise model of law suggests that laws arise because people see a behavior they do not like, and they agree to make it illegal.
______ refers to deliberate efforts to attach a negative meaning to a behavior.
When a person who has violated a law is punished, it is done in part to keep them from committing future offenses because of lessons learned in prison. This is known as _______.
The most likely outcome for inmates released from prison is to return to prison. This is called _______.
the cycle of incarceration
______ is an effort to bring an offender back into the community after punishment.
While the exact figure is difficult to determine, it is estimated that it costs roughly ______ a year to incarcerate a single inmate.
Positivists ask what keeps people from committing crime and classicists ask why people commit crimes.
Which early criminologist believed that criminals could be distinguished by physical characteristics such as big ears, protruding jaws, and deep-set eyes?
According to Merton's theory of anomie, what causes deviance?
poor emotional and self-control
social pressures to commit crime
social structures and blocked goals
According to _______ theory, crime and deviant behavior must be learned.
Attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief are four _______ that if strong, indicate less likelihood toward criminality.
loci of control
Functionalists argue that since crime always exists in society, it must serve some function.
Police, courts, and corrections make up the _______ in the United States.
criminal justice system
industrial prison complex
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